“And when Saul returned from following the Philistines, some told him, saying, David is now in the wilderness of En-gedi. And Saul took three thousand choice men from all Israel and went to seek David and his men upon the Rocks of the Wild Goats.” (1 Samuel 24:1-2)
“My beloved is to me a cluster of henna flowers / In the vineyards of En-gedi.” (Song of Songs 1:14)
Ein Gedi (Hebrew: עֵין גֶּדִי), literally “spring of the kid (young goat)” is an oasis and a nature reserve in Israel, located west of the Dead Sea. The elevation of the land ranges from the level of the Dead Sea at 423 meters below sea level to the plateau of the Judean Desert at 200 meters above sea level. According to the Bible, fleeing from King Saul, David hides in the strongholds at Ein Gedi and Saul seeks him even upon the most craggy rocks, which are accessible only to wild goats.
Ein Gedi nature reserve includes two spring-fed streams with flowing water year-round and two other springs, together supplying bountiful water each year. The reserve is a sanctuary for many types of plant, bird and animal species. It is one of the most popular nature sites in the country.
隱基底(En Gedi，意為山羊羔的泉源) 位於猶大曠野的盡頭，死海西岸，是猶大山區的出入口。所以大衛逃避掃羅追殺時，逃到乾旱疲乏無水的曠野之地，隱基底成為他的避難所。此處四面是危崖絕壁，許多野羊出沒，山洞很多，聖經描述掃羅進去其中一個山洞大解，大衛和跟隨他的人正坐在洞裏的深處，大衛卻沒有趁機殺了掃羅(撒上24:3)。