抹大拉(Magdala，意思是「魚塔」) 位於加利利海西岸，離迦百農不遠，大約建於公元前一世紀。聖經學者認為新約聖經提到耶穌去過的馬加丹(Magadane, 太 15:39) 以及大瑪努他 (Dalmanutha, 可8:10) 應該都是指同一地方。抹大拉地理位置優越，是一個良好的漁港，農漁業發達，並有醃魚出口，又因城在南北向的國際大道上，支線通往拿撒勒，在提比哩亞城尚未興盛前，無疑是加利利海一帶最大的城市。可能因此抹大拉的馬利亞有財力支持耶穌在地上的職事(路 8:2-3)。
“As well as certain women who were healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out.” (Luke 8:2)
“Now on the first day of the week, Mary the Magdalene came early to the tomb while it was yet dark and saw the stone taken away from the tomb.” (John 20:1)
Magdala, the home of Mary the Magdalene, was a prosperous fishing village at the time Jesus was active in this region. It was fortified and severely damaged during the great revolt against the Romans. The archaeologists uncovered the remains of the village dating from the time of Jesus.
The ruins of Magdala (Migdal) are located on the north-west side of the Sea of Galilee, 5 Kilometers north of Tiberias. Its location on the ancient road made it strategically important. Besides, the water springs nearby, fertile land and fishing industry – all these made it the center city of one of the three Galilee regions in the Jewish Kingdom prior to the Romans.